Appealing a Pre-Trial Detention Order (Bond) - Securities Litigation & Compliance Services
WSJ logo
Forbes logo
Fox News logo
Bloomberg logo
Los Angeles Times logo
Washington Post logo
The Epoch Times logo
CNN logo
Telemundo logo
New York Times
NY Post logo
NBC logo
Daily Beast logo
USA Today logo
Miami Herald logo
CNBC logo
Dallas News logo
Quick Practice Area Locator

Appealing a Pre-Trial Detention Order (Bond)

Federal Pre-Trial Release Detention Order Attorneys - Oberheiden & McMurrey, LLP
Dr. Nick Oberheiden, Esq.
Criminal Defense Attorney
Direct: 888-680-1745

Overview

At the initial appearance hearing shortly after an arrest, a U.S. magistrate judge decides whether or not a person accused of a federal crime will be released pending the resolution of the case (“bond”) or whether that person will remain in custody (“pre-trial detention”). Since the defendant is not testifying at that hearing, the basis for the court’s pretrial release decision is mainly twofold: (i) public records, such as the defendant’s criminal history, and testimony and (ii) other evidence introduced by the government.

Reasons for Appeal

The government’s time advantage is a dilemma for the defendant. While the government had weeks or sometimes months to investigate the case, plan the arrest, and prepare for the initial appearance, the defense counsel is new to the case and new to the client and will often only have hours, if that, to catch up with the government’s level of information and knowledge about the case and its accusations. The best defense counsel will often be able to improvise and argue efficiently on behalf of their (new) client at the initial hearing to secure bond in the form of release. Sometimes, however, it is necessary to file an appeal to undo a detention order in light of subsequently discovered facts.

Right to Appeal

Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. § 3145(b), a person ordered detained by a magistrate judge may file, with the court having original jurisdiction over the offense, a motion for revocation or amendment of a pretrial detention order. A U.S. district judge will decide the appeal either after having conducted a hearing or simply based on the pleadings submitted by the government and the defense counsel.

The Appeals Court

The district court’s review of the order of detention is de novo, which means that the government as well as the defense have to start from scratch and needs to re-introduce all relevant evidence and must not assume that the appeal’s judge will rely on previously submitted facts. Therefore, it is well-established law that the district court should make its determination based on an independent consideration of the facts, and no deference should be given to the magistrate’s legal conclusions. United States v. Koenig, 912 F.2d 1190 (9th Cir. 1990).

The Law Favors Release

Since all people accused of a crime are considered innocent until proven guilty, pretrial release should be denied only in “rare circumstances.” United States v. Sanchez-Martinez, 2013 WL 3662871 (D. Col. 2013); United States v. Dany, 2013 WL 4119425 (N.D. Cal. 2013).

Presumption of Innocence

In keeping with the most fundamental tenet of criminal law––that each accused person is presumed innocent until proven guilty––the Bail Reform Act expressly provides that pretrial release is required “unless the judicial officer determines that such release will not reasonably assure the appearance of the person as required or will endanger the safety of any other person or the community.” 18 U.S.C. § 3142(b). Put differently, pretrial detention is authorized “only upon proof of a likelihood of flight, a threatened obstruction of justice or a danger of recidivism in one or more of the crimes actually specified by the bail statute.” United States v. Butler, 165 F.R.D. 68, 71 (N.D. Ohio 1996) (quoting United States v. Himler, 797 F.2d 156, 160 (3d Cir. 1986) and citing United States v. Byrd, 969 F.2d 106 (5th Cir. 1992); United States v. Ploof, 851 F.2d 7 (1st Cir. 1988)).

Put our highly experienced team on your side

Dr. Nick Oberheiden
Dr. Nick Oberheiden

Founder

Attorney-at-Law

Lynette S. Byrd
Lynette S. Byrd

Former DOJ Trial Attorney

Partner

Brian J. Kuester
Brian J. Kuester

Former U.S. Attorney

Amanda Marshall
Amanda Marshall

Former U.S. Attorney

Local Counsel

Joe Brown
Joe Brown

Former U.S. Attorney

Local Counsel

John W. Sellers
John W. Sellers

Former Senior DOJ Trial Attorney

Linda Julin McNamara
Linda Julin McNamara

Federal Appeals Attorney

Aaron L. Wiley
Aaron L. Wiley

Former DOJ attorney

Local Counsel

Roger Bach
Roger Bach

Former Special Agent (DOJ)

Chris Quick
Chris J. Quick

Former Special Agent (FBI & IRS-CI)

Michael S. Koslow
Michael S. Koslow

Former Supervisory Special Agent (DOD-OIG)

Ray Yuen
Ray Yuen

Former Supervisory Special Agent (FBI)

We at Oberheiden, P.C. have handled hundreds of pretrial bonds and appeals in federal court. Our team is dedicated to your goals and is comprised of experienced defense counsel including several former federal prosecutors.

Get in touch with the federal lawyers at Oberheiden, P.C. today and find out how former federal government attorney, Dr. Nick Oberheiden, and his experienced criminal defense counsel can assist your case. Call 888-680-1745.

Consult with a Criminal Defense Attorney

Bonds in state court and bonds in federal courts are two very different issues. When you or a loved one are facing federal detention and your liberty is on the line, you should consult with attorneys who are deeply embedded in federal law and federal procedures on a daily basis. Specifically, if you need assistance with pretrial release in federal proceedings, you should contact the attorneys at Oberheiden, P.C. to assess your chances of success for pretrial release and federal bond.

Oberheiden, P.C.
National Criminal Defense
Former Federal Prosecutors and Experienced Defense Attorneys
888-680-1745
ofac-lawyer.com
This information has been prepared for informational purposes only and does not constitute legal advice. This information may constitute attorney advertising in some jurisdictions. Reading of this information does not create an attorney-client relationship. Prior results do not guarantee similar future outcomes. Oberheiden, P.C. is a Texas PC with headquarters in Dallas. Dr. Oberheiden limits his practice to federal law.

Why Clients Trust Oberheiden P.C.

  • 95% Success Rate
  • 2,000+ Cases Won
  • Available Nights & Weekends
  • Experienced Trial Attorneys
  • Former Department of Justice Trial Attorneys
  • Former Federal Prosecutors, U.S. Attorney’s Office
  • Former Agents from FBI, OIG, DEA
  • Cases Handled in 48 States
Email Us 888-680-1745